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Dr. Petra Roter, Professor

General Information
  • Dr. Petra Roter, Professor
    Phone: +386 1 58 05 384
    Email: is.jl-inu.vdf@retor.artep
    Office Hours:
    Office hours are by appointment - via skype (petra.roter1) or by phone.

    B 114

    Undergraduate courses
    Human rights in practice – Amnesty Academy
    International Relations
    International Protection of Human Rights

    Graduate courses
    International Conflict Management
    International Protection of Minorities
    Research Seminar
    Expert sphere:
    International Relations - international institutions, international norms and their implementation; minority rights - minority protection - diversity management; International conflicts - conflict management - post-conflict reconstruction; international protection of human rights

    Mednarodni odnosi - mednarodne institucije (mednarodni režimi), mednarodne norme in njihova implementacija; manjšinske pravice - varstvo manjšin - upravljanje etnične heterogenosti; mednarodni konflikti - upravljanje konfliktov - pokonfliktna obnova; mednarodno varstvo človekovih pravic

    Dobrodošli predlogi za magistrske naloge in doktorske disopozicije na teh področjih.
    I am able to supervise MA and Ph.D. theses within these broad research fields.
  • Petra Roter is a Professor of International Relations at the University of Ljubljana, where she teaches undergraduate and postgraduate courses on, among others, International Protection of Minorities, International Protection of Human Rights, International Conflict Management, International Relations and Research Seminar in International Relations. She is a senior research fellow at the Centre of International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences. She holds a PhD in International Relations from the University of Cambridge. She was a Visiting Scholar at Cambridge University (Department of Politics and International Studies) during the Michaelmas term in 2017. Previously, she was a GARNET Visiting Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation at the University of Warwick, Visiting Research Fellow at the European Centre for Minority Issues in Flensburg (Germany) and a DAAD Fellow at the University of Tübingen (Germany). Between 2019 and 2021, she was a Visiting Professor at the University of Padova where she taught a postgraduate course on Human Rights in Practice (on diversity management), MA in Human Rights and Multi-level Governance. She regularly gives lectures on minority rights within the European Master in Human Rights and Democratisation in Venice. She was a member of the board of a joint doctoral programme Human Rights, Society and Multi-level Governance. She is a member of the scientific board of the Minority Rights Institute at the European Research EURAC, Bolzano/Bozen. She was a member (in 2020 and in 2022) of the award committee for the prestigious Max van der Stoel Award of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. She has served on PhD committes at universities of Cambridge and Trento. She has supervised several theses that have received the Prešeren award for best theses (at the University of Ljubljana and at the Faculty of Social Sciences).

    She is Slovenia’s national director for the European Master in Human Rights and Democratisation (Venice; EMA) and she co-ordinated the master programme in International Relations (in English) at the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences (the one-year MA programme - that was carried out for the last time in academic year 2019-2020). She is the recipient of the faculty award for her contribution to internationalisation. She was elected to the European Inter-University Centre's Board (in 2014), and she was a member of the EMA Executive Committee for two terms (until Dec. 2015). She was re-elected to the EMA Academic Curriculum Group in 2019/20. She is a member of the Executive Council of the Central and East European International Studies Association (CEEISA).

    She has written and co-edited books on minority protection (Založba FDV), societal integration, human rights protection and on the mapping of the new world order (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, with T. Volgy, Z. Šabič and A. Gerlak). She has authored articles in the Journal of International Relations and Development, the Parliamentary Affairs, the Mediterranean Politics, the International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, the European Yearbook of Minority Issues, the Croatian International Relations Review, the Mediterranean Quarterly and Treatises and Documents. She has contributed book chapters to volumes published by Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press, Routledge, Palgrave, Brill. She co-ordinated several EU-funded research projects at the Centre of International Relations, University of Ljubljana, and is or was a member of several editorial boards (European Journal of International Relations, Treatises and Documents, European Yearbook of Minority Issues). She served as a co-editor of the Journal of International Relations and Development (a SSCI-listed journal).

    As an independent expert, she has co-operated with the Council of Europe, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and the UN Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues. She has been elected to the Advisory Committee of the Council of Europe’s Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities as an inpendent expert in respect of Slovenia. During her first term, in November 2014, she was elected as the First Vice President of the Advisory Committee (for a period of two years), and in October 2016, she was elected as the President of the Advisory Committee for the period of two years (2016-2018). On 1 June 2022, her second 4-year term in the Advisory Committee began. At the first plenary session of the Advisory Committee in October 2022, she was elected President of the Advisory Committee for two years (until end of May 2024). She is a member of the Human Rights Commission in Slovenia and she served as an independent expert in a working group on minority protection in Slovenia. She participated at UN regional forums on minority issues, organised by the UN Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues. She has participated in drafting of several soft law instruments of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and of soft law documents of the Council of Europe. She has contributed her independent expertise regarding national policies (in several states) on diversity management, minority rights and inclusive education, and she has been engaged in communication with a number of governments on varies issues regarding the management of national or ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity through minority rights.

    She was a member of the Ad-Hoc Working Group for preparing a Draft Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers on the contribution of plurilingual education to democracy, appointed by the Steering Committee for Education Policy and Practice (CDPPE) on 13 May 2020 (composed of two state representatives and seven experts from Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Ireland, Switzerland, Slovenia and the United Kingdom). The proposed text of the recommendation with guidelines on plurilingual education was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 2 February 2022 as Recommendation CM/Rec(2022)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the importance of plurilingual and intercultural education for democratic culture, available at

  • Full list at:

    Selected publications:

    PALERMO, Francesco, ROTER, Petra. The Lund Recommendations from the perspective of the Framework Convention. In: ROMANS, William (ed.). Effective participation of national minorities and conflict prevention. Leiden; Boston: Brill Nijhoff, cop. 2020. pp. 81-104. ISBN 978-90-04-39033-1, ISBN 90-04-39033-2. DOI: 10.1163/9789004390331_005.

    ROTER, Petra. Határon átnyúló együttműködések és kétoldalú kapcsolatok : a kétoldalú kisebbségvédelem esélyei és kelepcéi. In: KOMAC, Miran (ed.), et al. Bilaterális kisebbségvédelem : a magyar-szlovén kisebbségvédelmi egyezmény háttere és gyakorlata. Budapest: l'Harmattan, cop. 2019. pp. 14-31. ISBN 978-963-414-341-3. [COBISS.SI-ID 36602461] AND in Slovenian: ROTER, Petra. Čezmejno sodelovanje in dvostranski odnosi : priložnosti in pasti varstva narodnih manjšin na bilateralni ravni. V: KOMAC, Miran (ur.), VIZI, Balázs (ur.). Bilateralni sporazumi kot oblika urejanja varstva narodnih manjšin : primer Sporazuma o zagotavljanju posebnih pravic slovenske narodne manjšine v Republiki Madžarski in madžarske narodne skupnosti v Republiki Sloveniji. Budapest: l'Harmattan, cop. 2018. str. 14-31. ISBN 978-963-414-505-9.

    ROTER, Petra. Commentary of article 5 of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. In: HOFMANN, Rainer (ed.), MALLOY, Tove H. (ed.), REIN, Detlev (ed.). The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities : a commentary. Leiden; Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2018. pp. 126-147. ISBN 978-90-04-33965-1.

    ROTER, Petra, BUSCH, Brigitta. Language rights in the work of the advisory committee. in: ULASIUK, Iryna (ed.), HADÎRCÂ, Laurenţiu (ed.), ROMANS, William (ed.). Language policy and conflict prevention. Leiden; Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2018. pp. 155-181. ISBN 978-90-04-35775-4.

    ROTER, Petra. Russia in the Council of Europe : participation à la carte. In: MÄLKSOO, Lauri (ed.), BENEDEK, Wolfgang (ed.). Russia and the European Court of Human Rights : the Strasbourg effect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. pp. 26-56. EIUC studies on human rights and democratisation. ISBN 978-1-108-41573-6, ISBN 978-1-108-40199-9.

    ROTER, Petra. Voting rights of minorities and the role of ethnicity in elections in the post-Yugoslav space. In: Helen Hardman and Brice Dickson, eds., Electoral rights in Europe: advances and challenges. Abingdon, New York: Routledge, pp. 69-91, 2017.

    ŠABIČ, Zlatko, Ana Bojinović Fenko and Petra Roter. Small states and parliamentary diplomacy: Slovenia and the Mediterranean. Mediterranean Quarterly 27(4): 42-60, 2016.

    ROTER, Petra and Ana Bojinović Fenko. Parliamentarisation in a Post-Conflict Context: The Kosovo Assembly Support Initiative, Parliamentary Affairs (AOP: November 11, 2014;, Abstract: "The purpose of this article is to analyse collaboration in the process of post-conflict reconstruction in Kosovo. Based on extensive empirical research, we focus on the parliamentarisation in Kosovo in the context of a multi-stakeholder partnership (MSP). We investigate the creation, operation and effects of co-operation within an MSP called the Kosovo Assembly Support Initiative (ASI). This MSP is relevant for the study of parliamentary affairs because of its goals to help in the creation of a functioning national parliament, but also because several other national parliaments contributed to this goal within the broader post-conflict peace-building in Kosovo."
    This research has been awarded the ARRS Odlični v znanosti (Excellent in Science) award for 2014.

    ROTER, Petra. Minority Children and Education in the Work of the Advisory Committee. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights 22 (2): 202–231, 2015 (

    ROTER, Petra. International-local Linkages in Multi-stakeholder Partnerships Involved in Reconciliation, Inter-communal Bridge-building and Confidence-building. Croatian International Relations Review 21(72): 139–166, 2015 (

    ROTER, Petra and Zlatko Šabič. Sporočilnost macbridovega poročila v pogojih (ne)spreminjajoče se (ne) demokratičnosti mednarodne skupnosti (The MacBride's Report and its key messages in the context of the (non-) changing (non-)democratic international community). Javnost - The Public: Journal of the European Institute for Communication and Culture 22(Supplement 1): S102-S111, 2015 (
    Abstract: The article seeks to address the relevancy of the MacBride Report for international relations. It does so in the context of factors that can influence the development of a more democratic international community. Deriving from the structure of the contemporary international community, the article demonstrates that this community has developed asymmetrically, in spite of the unprecedented development in the fields of science and technology. As the international community is characterised by competition for influence, and the inability to implement solidarity, numerous problems remain unresolved. In such circumstances, the benefits of communications and information technology are just as conflictual as they were at the time of the writing of the MacBride Report. Instead of using technology to eliminate inequality, including through the work of international organisations, technology tends to be used by states and new (non-state) actors such as multinational companies, to strengthen their positions. This only reinforces the gap between the developed and the poor. The key messages of the MacBride Report are therefore just as relevant today as they were 35 years ago.

    KOMAC, Miran and Petra Roter. The autonomy arrangement in Slovenia: an established institutional framework dependent on implementation of minority protection, in Managing Diversity through Non-Territorial Autonomy: Assessing Advantages, Deficiencies and Risks, edited by Tove H. Malloy, Alexander Osipov, and Balázs Vizi, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Selected recent intervention for general public:
    ROTER, Petra. Ja bih BiH u kojoj svi mogu jednako uživati ljudska prava bez ikakve diskriminacije. Oslobođenje. 20. in 21. nov. 2021, specijal, str. 62, avtorj. fotogr. ISSN 0350-4352., I want BiH in which everyone can equally enjoy human rights without any discrimination on any ground, including ethnic affiliation:, [COBISS.SI-ID 87115267]

    (from the UN regional forum on minority issues, Oct. 2021, translation of my speech with recommendations) ROTER, Petra. Mednarodne organizacije bi morale odločneje ukrepati proti državam, ki ne spoštujejo obvez : poseg slovenske strokovnjakinje dr. Petre Roter na Evropskem forumu o pravicah manjšin. Primorski dnevnik. [Tiskana izd.]. 28. nov. 2021, leto 77, št. 284, str. 14, avtorj. fotogr. ISSN 1124-6669. [COBISS.SI-ID 87080963]

    Personal bibliography