[Javno gostujoče predavanje na 3. stopnji] Marx’s conception(s) of social change: basic ideas, critique, actuality


14. januarja 2020 ob 17h bo v predavalnici 20 potekalo javno gostujoče predavanje prof. Mladena Lazića. Predavanje bo v angleškem jeziku. 

Mladen Lazić (University of Belgrade, Serbia) is Professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade and member of the Academia Europaea. He is the author and editor of 15 books and dozens of papers in journals and edited volumes. His interests include social stratification, economic and political elites, social change, and value studies. He coordinated many surveys in stratification, political and economic elites, and value changes.

Summary: Marx formulated two conceptions of fundamental mechanisms of social change. The first one is based on structural factors (developing “forces of production”) while the second promotes social actors (classes) as the main agents of change. The problem that Marx did not try to solve is: how these two approaches mutually relate, do they complement or contradict each other? While the structural (evolutionist) solution “promises” the inevitability of the communist “end of (pre)history”, the actors’ solution introduces an uncertain course of history. We may therefore ask ourselves: does the continuous development of technology (“forces of production”) mean that structural factors might bring the end of capitalism in a foreseeable future? What, on the other hand, are the possibilities of the end of capitalism in a world in which material production is becoming a minor part of the economy, with the industrial working class – which is, according to Marx, supposed to be the main actor of a forthcoming historical change – being replaced by an educated precariat? Does the failure of both predictions – continuous development of forces of production in capitalism (“forth industrial revolution”) instead of the ultimate systemic crisis, and radical changes in the structure of the working class instead of the constitution of a class-conscious proletariat – mean that Marx’s analyses are irrelevant in contemporary world?

Required reading:

  • Piotr Sztompka. 1994. The Sociology of Social Change, Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 155–177 (Historical materialism).
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Nazaj na seznam vseh obvestilObjavljeno: 30. oktober 2019 | v kategoriji: FDV, 2019/20