Skoči do osrednje vsebine

Social Sciences Research Institute

  • Development through research.

    We execute about 80 research projects annually, funded partly by the State and partly by contracts with other organizations or institutions.

Will the gender pay gap persist in advanced societies?

Objavljeno: 27 Mar, 2023

A study led by the University of California, joined by the University of Ljubljana’s Faculty of Social Sciences (UL FDV), found that pay practices and barriers to promotion are to blame for women earning less than men in the 15 countries analysed. The findings show how new policies could address such problems.

Despite progress in gender equality, women still earn less than men, even in advanced societies. According to an analysis of 15 countries, the reasons for this are structural (in the workplace) and linked to the personal choices of men and women who choose differently paid jobs. The findings, published in the scientific journal Nature Human Behaviour, support the need for action to tackle the gap, focusing on equal pay for equal work and the removal of gender barriers to recruitment and promotion.

After taking into account differences in age, education and full- or part-time work, the researchers found that the gender gap in earnings between people aged 30 to 55 ranged from 10% in Hungary to 41% in South Korea. In Slovenia, the difference is (was*) 19%. 

The gender pay gap in Slovenia has widened over the ten years, not only due to processes sorting people into different jobs, but also due to an increase in the gender gap within the same jobs. This means there are differences not only between different employers, but also within the same employer for the same jobs. The researchers for Slovenia were Prof. Dr. Aleksandra Kanjuo Mrčela (UL FDV) and mag. Andreja Poje, a doctoral student in Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana.

In December 2022, the Centre for Organisational and Human Resources Research (UL FDV) launched the STEP project. Its main aim is to increase pay transparency and reduce the gender pay gap in Slovenia. The project will analyse the obstacles and opportunities for systemic changes to increase pay transparency, review the practices of EU countries that are leading the way in this area, and prepare a proposal and action plan for the implementation of the Pay Transparency Directive in Slovenia.

Ensuring gender equality is Goal 5 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

More about the research results (Within-job gender pay inequality in 15 countries) is available on this link.

* The data cover a period of 10 years, from 2005 to 2015 for Slovenia.

 


The Social Sciences Research Institute is the largest research institute for Social Sciences in Slovenia. Research at the Institute is carried out within the framework of national and international research programmes. Intensive research is carried out within European Union research projects, but researchers and research centres are also involved in other international research.  

VICE-DEAN for Research: dr. Andreja Jaklič.

 

PAVŠAL NOO CDIUL 9.01, Krepitev učenja in poučevanja za trajnostno družbo prihodnosti

izr.prof.dr. Katja Lozar Manfreda | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2025 | CDI

NOO FS, Digitalni in v trajnostno družbo naravnan študijski program strojništva

prof.dr. Andreja Jaklič | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2025 | NOO VŽU

NOO NTF, Prenova VŠ programov na NTF za zelen in digitalen prehod v Družbo 5.0

prof.dr. Andreja Jaklič | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2025 | NOO VŽU

PAVŠAL NOO FŠ, 8.15, Gibalna pismenost za bivanje v družbi 5.0 - GIB5.0

prof.dr. Andrej Rus | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2025 | RCSU

AR NOO TRL 3-6 Hibridne Tehnologije tovarn prihodnosti za zeleni prehod

prof.dr. Andreja Jaklič | 1. January 2024 - 31. July 2026 | cmo

TAP J5-50161 Zdravje in Kriza; Socialnoekološki dinamični modeli duševnega zdravja: breme kompleksne krize med zaposlenimi v kritičnih poklicih

izr.prof.dr. Janja Vuga Beršnak | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2026 | ORC

RSF, A.I.1, Mladi raziskujejo mladino - raziskovalni projekt v okviru predmeta "Mladi in politika"

asist.mag. Marko Majce | 1. December 2023 - 31. January 2024 | CPR

SIC-SI Safer Internet Centre Slovenia 2024-2025

prof.dr. Vasja Vehovar | 1. February 2024 - 31. December 2025 | CDI

OSCARS: Open Science Clusters Action for Research and Society

asist.mag. Irena Vipavc Brvar | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2027 | ADP

WELL CARE: Investing in the mental wellbeing and resilience of long-term care workers and informal carers through the identification, evaluation and promotion of good practices across Europe

prof.dr. Valentina Hlebec | 1. January 2024 - 31. December 2027 | CDB

EU European homeless count

izr.prof.dr. Maša Filipovič Hrast | 1. December 2023 - 31. December 2024 | CDB

MDinGBV: Master's Degree in Gender Based Violence

prof.dr. Aleksandra Kanjuo-Mrčela | 1. December 2023 - 30. November 2026 | CPOČV

EU-EU+ Mapping and Organizing Research on Dictationships: Open Acces Repository (M.O.R.D.O.R.) - 2021-1-PL01-KA220-HED-000023034

doc.dr. Marko Hočevar | 1. November 2023 - 31. October 2024 | CPR

EU ERASMUS OPEN4UA Open science for Ukrainian Higher Education System

asist.mag. Irena Vipavc Brvar | 1. November 2023 - 31. October 2026 | ADP